Wearing the incorrect footwear can be a risk factor in the cause of falls. It is important to check your footwear regularly and make sure it is safe as well as comfortable.

Wearing high heels and narrow heels can cause:

  • Painful bunions, callus, corns causing deformities – due to increased pressure on the ball of the foot.
  • Tightening of the calf muscles
  • Flat foot
  • Hip, knee and back pain
  • Ankle sprains and instability
  • Posture problems

What makes a shoe unsafe?



Slippers can be dangerous too:

  • Check the sole for grip as slippers can wear out, also check for excess wear on heels.
  • Check straps are working correctly
  • Check if they support the ankle and heel
  • Check they are the correct size
  • A good slipper should be comfortable and safe to wear indoors, just like a good shoe

A good shoe should:

  • Have adequate toe space – enough to wriggle your toes!
  • Have a flexible outer sole
  • Have a textured sole - good grip to prevent slipping
  • Have a broad low heel
  • Have supportive heel for good ankle stability
  • Have fore-foot stability, either Velcro strap or shoe lace can be used.      



If you have any problems with your feet see your doctor or state registered podiatrist or chiropodist, especially if you have diabetes. 

Lord, SR et al (2001) Falls in Older People; Risk factors and strategies for prevention. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, London.

Reference:   L342 
Version: V2
Dast last updated: 31 / 05 / 2017
Archive date: 31 / 05 / 2020

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